A few simple changes in daily life can ultimately prove to be a major help in preventing two in three cases of diabetes while saving a large number of lives annually, a British study has found. People from South Asia are particularly prone to diabetes.
According to the findings of the 20-year British study into Type 2 diabetes, most deaths could be avoided if people ate healthy food, drank less alcohol, took more exercise and had regular check-ups, Daily Express reported.
The study is the first to reveal the full implications of ethnicity, with the risk almost doubling for people of South Asian, African and Afro-Caribbean descent.
According to Mike Knapton, associate director of the British Heart Foundation, people underestimate the magnitude of the problem.
"The key is prevention, early intervention and treatment. There are very simple measures we can take to reduce levels of obesity. A healthy diet needs to start very early in life before patients come through my door for a risk assessment for cardiovascular disease."
The Southall and Brent Revisited study, funded by the Wellcome Trust and British Heart Foundation, followed the health histories of nearly 5,000 Londoners.
The study, published in the journal Diabetes Care, starting observing participants from the ages of 40 to 69.