Spice up with peppers in your kitchen. Chilies are graded according to the Scoville scale which measures the pungency or the spice heat, basically a function of Capsaicin. The unit is Scoville heat unit (SHU).
Top 10 Chillies in Order of Hotness
This tiny pepper, called Pimiento, usually has a sweet and succulent flesh. It is barely spicy and ranks the lowest on the Scoville scale, 100-900 SHU.
Jalapeno, an interesting name for a kind of pepper. It is apparently named after the Mexican town Xalapa where it originated. Jalapeno poppers are very famous and their pungency ranges 2,500-10,000 SHU.
These vibrant red and yellow color peppers are the only chilli variety whose fruits are juicy and not dry on the inside. Tabasco peppers are fiery hot peppers that made Tabasco sauce famous. Unlike the rest, they have got distinctive flavor and the heat ranges from 30,000-50,000 on the Scoville heat Index.
Cayenne pepper is one that comes with many health benefits like boosting your metabolism, fighting flu and helping with stress. At the same time it is one of the hottest chili peppers which scores 30,000-50,000 SHU, according to the Scoville Scale. It takes its name from its supposed centre of origin, the Cayenne region of French, Guiana.
Bird's eye chillies are small, tapered chillies which are extremely pungent and very very hot ranging from 50,000-1,00,000 SHU! They are often used in Chinese and South East Asian cuisine. They are also known as Thai hot, Thai dragon and Boonie pepper though they are Mexican in origin.
Aren't they look yummy and juicy? Behind this look,the fiery reddish-yellow bell shaped pepper has got a special spicy nature and this is why, Scotch Bonnet is popularly known as the 'Ball of Fire' in Guyana.It has branched out from Chinese capsicum having 1,00,000-3,50,000 SHU. It has got some amazing names like Scotty Bons, Bonney peppers, Caribbean red peppers.
The super plum Red Savina Habanero is extremely hot with a Scoville heat unit of 5,00,000. Till date it's the second hottest pepper in the world and it is twice as hot as the regular Habanero. They are often use for
pickling and making sauces.
The ghost pepper or Bhut Jalokia can make you feel like a thousand burning needles are stabbing your tongue. At the same time its is also famous for its unique fragrance. It is one of the hottest peppers found in north east India. It has more than 1,000,000 Scoville units.
This exceptionally hot and a golf ball-sized beast pepper is called Trinidad Moruga Scorpion. It has been identified as the world's hottest cultivated chilli pepper. Initially the taste is sweet and then gradually the fire builds up. The heat measures about 2 million SHU on the Scoville scale.