If you think affluence is closely associated with lifestyle disease, here is a piece of news that would shock you. Some of the most recent studies have linked risks of lifestyle diseases more prevalent in low-income groups. "While incidence and mortality rates from several common types of cancer in many high-income countries have gone down, many low-and middle-income countries have seen cancer rates rise, partially due to increases in risk factors that are typical of Western countries, " a recent study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention.
Another study published in the online journal BMJ Open showed that "more than one in four middle-aged Indians on low and middle incomes now have an unhealthy midriff bulge."
Adding more to the same is a new study linking poverty with obesity. A new study has found that children and adolescents from low-income families are more likely to be obese than their higher income peers. Fewer resources like recreational programmes and parks and access to full service grocery stores appear to have a greater impact on the childhood obesity rate than race and ethnicity, the researchers explained.
"It illustrates that race and ethnicity in communities may not have a significant connection to obesity status once the community's income is considered," said senior study author Kim Eagle from the University of Michigan in the US.
"The findings reveal differences in the inequalities in the physical and social environment in which children are raised," Eagle added.
Using a model created from data on 111,799 Massachusetts students, the researchers showed that as poverty rises, so does the rate of obesity among children. To correlate community rates of childhood obesity with lower income status, the students who were overweight or obese were compared with the students in each district who were eligible for free and reduced price lunch, transitional aid or food stamps. Among the school districts, for every one percent increase in low-income status there was a 1.17 percent increase in rates of overweight/obese students.
"The battle to curb childhood obesity is critically tied to understanding its causes and focusing on the modifiable factors that can lead to positive health changes for each and every child," Eagle said.
The study was published in the journal Childhood Obesity.