Why Are We Always Told to Eat Seasonal Food?

Amishaa Gupta  |  Updated: August 14, 2017 18:15 IST

Why Are We Always Told to Eat Seasonal Food?
  • The longer the food stays unconsumed, the more nutrients it will lose
  • Seasonal foods tend to fulfill your body's needs as per the weather
  • They are more cost effective and environment friendly too
The universe has a place for everything and everything is best suited for where the universe puts it. In olden times, when there were no developments in terms of technology, people were bound to eat what they could get and was available. However, living in the 21st century, most of us have become victims to instant gratification. We get what we wish to and we eat what we wish to. Even though this sounds like a dream come true, it is important to realize the importance of eating seasonal foods when they are available rather than opting for off-season foods. Listed here are some reasons which might help you make an informed decision the next time you step out for grocery shopping.


Did you know tomatoes can't be produced in winters without the help of technology? It is inevitable in this case that the nutrition level of off-season foods goes down. Bangalore-based Nutritionist, Dr. Anju Sood, tells us, "The foods that are available to us round the clock are made available through various processes like cold storage and cannot even be compared to foods that are freshly produced." Off-season foods have to travel much longer as compared to seasonal fruits and vegetables, well over 1,000 miles, to reach the local markets. This leads to higher amounts of wax coatings, preservatives and ripening agents in order to make them look fresh and healthy. Also, the longer the food stays unconsumed, the more nutrients it will lose.
Research has proved that the same food will carry different nutritional values depending upon when it has been produced. In a study conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in London, it was found that the nutrient content for milk harvested in summer was different from when it was harvested in winter. Because of the change in the cow's diet to less fresh foods in summers, the nutritional values in milk varied. 

Another research done by the University of California, Davis shows that spinach and green beans lose two-thirds of their vitamin-C within a week of harvest. So, imagine adding the time of transportation and the shelf-life if you buy these products off-season.

(Also read: 10 Seasonal Foods That Are Super Hydrating)
The longer the food stays unconsumed, the more nutrients it will lose. Photo Credit: Istock


When someone says food, you will immediately think of something delicious and mouth-watering. Nobody wants to eat food that doesn't taste good. With off-season foods, that need to be transported in most cases, it becomes necessary that the harvesting be done earlier than it should be done. These are then refrigerated so they don't get spoilt while being transported. As a result of all this, the produce will not be as good and ripe as expected and will lose its flavour and freshness. 

Cost effective

Apart from the nutritional benefits, seasonal foods come with many other advantages one of which is that these are very cost-effective. When something is produced in an area at the time when it is in season there, the cost of the food will automatically go down since the farmer spends no money on transportation and storage. When foods are transported from far off places, the burden of cost of transportation and storage gets transferred to the customers and they end up paying more. So, technically, you will pay more for something that does not even give you as much nutrition as something cheaper than that and also tastier than that. Seasonal foods are cheaper and better in quality at the same time.

Less risk of contamination

Transportation of food does not just lead to a drop in taste but also exposes the food to a risk of contamination. A lot of other countries may not have very strict rules against the use of pesticides, wax coatings etc. Some agriculture areas are also known to have a lot of heavy metal and toxic contaminates because of industrial sites and agriculture sites inhabiting the same space. Soil contamination tests are also necessary to check soil and land quality but are not being done at a lot of places. It is important to be careful on this front since this can lead to serious health hazards. 

Natural nutritional needs

In winters, our body demands fruits and vegetables that are high in citrus and Vitamin-C. These are important for preventing infections that you are prone to in winters. Winter vegetables are perfect for hot meals and soups. Similarly, the fruits and vegetables in summers are usually very watery in order to keep the body rejuvenated and hydrated.

(Also read: 9 Food Habits to Follow This Monsoon Season)
fruits citrus orange
Seasonal foods tend to fulfill your body's needs as per the weather. Photo Credit: Istock

Environment friendly

When you eat seasonally, your dependence upon local produce and local farmers increases thereby supporting them. At the same time, the need for transportation, refrigeration, and hot houses comes down making seasonal foods environment friendly.

According to Macrobiotic Nutritionist Shilpa Arora, "It is nature's design for people to eat locally and seasonally as all foods in nature give energy. Fruits in monsoon are naturally rich in vitamin-C which is needed to fight against infections that we are prone to in that season. This is God's design for us. Anything that grows in say Australia or Washington is meant for those climatic conditions. Also, when food travels from these places it leads to denaturing of food. There is a plan in nature and tampering with it is what is leading to all the new lifestyle diseases that we are coming across in modern times."

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Eating off-season foods is a very recent practice. Our ancestors did not have many choices available. But eating the way we do may have a lot of disadvantages. It is important to make the right decision where ever possible and eat what benefits you the most.  


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