Bulimia can be triggered by stress, poor body image, anxiety disorders, low self-esteem or even boredom. The exact cause of the illness is unknown to medical professionals, although the media is touted to be a leading cause as it sets an unreasonably high standard for the public, that influences them into believing that they aren’t good enough or beautiful. Fashion magazines, TV shows and movies frequently showcase a parade of skinny models and actors and brainwash the viewers into believing that only having a “size-zero” figure or “thigh-gap” can make you desirable. Being plump or fat is looked down upon and considered disgusting. These demands put actors, athletes, dancers and models at a higher risk of developing bulimia.Psychological DNA also plays a role in the development of this illness. Researchers have uncovered that there is a connection between our DNA and the factors that would make men or women more susceptible to being affected by bulimia. These are diseases with a neurobiological basis and should be treated as such. It was discovered that patients with parents who suffered from the disorder were twice as likely to have the variant gene as compared to those without the disorder.
Childhood traumas such as sexual assault, childhood neglect or abuse, troubled family relationships, or the death of a loved one can also be a reason for the development of bulimia.According to Dr. Madhu Sarin, a Psychoanalyst who runs the Centre of Psychotherapy and Clinical Research in New Delhi, “The root to most eating disorders like bulimia is a sense of negligence and lack of attention. Strained relationships between parents and the child gives the child a feeling of worthlessness and the need to prove his or her value, which results in them going to extreme lengths to gain acceptance in society. The attitude of the parents, upbringing and criticism affects the behaviour and self-image of the child.”
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