8 Signs of Zinc Deficiency and How to Cure It

Smriti Agarwal  |  Updated: March 27, 2018 16:23 IST

8 Signs of Zinc Deficiency and How to Cure It

Zinc deficiency

  • Zinc is present in every cell, organ, bone and tissue in the body
  • You need a regular intake of zinc to maintain life
  • Foods like mushrooms, lamb, cashews and spinach are rich in zinc
Photo credits: instagram/kimberley_george

Zinc benefits the body in many ways and is required in small amounts to maintain your health and perform certain functions every day. For instance, it helps the production of hormones, it supports growth and repair of muscles and tissues, maintains your immunity and facilitates digestion. This essential nutrient also acts as an anti-inflammatory agent and therefore, it offers remarkable therapeutic benefits for common chronic ailments like heart disease. 

Zinc deficiency is ranked as the fifth leading risk factor in causing disease worldwide. Zinc is present in every cell, organ, bone, tissue and also in the fluids of our body. You need a regular intake of zinc to maintain life. Zinc deficiency may be caused due to reduced dietary intake, inadequate absorption, increased loss, or increased use of zinc in the body. 
According to Dr. Anju Sood, a Bangalore-based Nutritionist, “Zinc is a macronutrient which helps in boosting the immune system, maintaining your memory, healing wounds, curing cough, cold and ulcers and preventing acne. Zinc deficiency can be treated by eating foods rich in protein, meats, seafood, dairy products and nuts. Zinc is best absorbed with a proper balance of other nutrients as found in whole foods.”

Common Symptoms of Zinc Deficiency

1. Poor Neurological Function: Zinc is essential for neuropsychological performance. Low zinc levels have been linked to attention and motor disorders in infants that persist well into adulthood. 

2. Weak Immunity: Zinc plays a major role in maintaining a strong immune system. It is especially vital for T-cell growth and differentiation into the white blood cells that are needed to ward off the diseases, to kill dangerous bacteria and viruses and for the protective functions of our cell membranes.

3. Diarrhea: Due to impaired immunity because of zinc deficiency, persistent diarrhea is a common concern. Your body tends to become more prone to bacterial infections. 

4. Growth: Zinc deficiency in children can lead to delayed growth. 

5. Lack of appetite: If you’ve been feeling less hungry than usual pay attention. 

6. Loss of sense of taste or smell: Severe zinc deficiency may interfere with the sense of smell and taste. Night blindness can be another symptom. 

7. Psychological disorders: Zinc deficiency could play a major role in depression. 

8. Acne or rashes: People who have zinc deficiency can face various skin problems like rashes and acne.

(Also read: Vitamin D: 5 Things You Must Do Daily to Prevent Deficiency)
skin acne

Cure For Zinc Deficiency

In order to improve the levels of zinc in the body, you can consider taking natural supplements. The supplements may contain several forms of zinc including acetate, zinc gluconate, and zinc sulfate. But before you do so, you must consult a doctor to confirm the requirement, duration and dosage of these supplements. Please avoid taking them without proper medical guidance.  Besides this, as Dr. Sood suggests certain foods can help overcome zinc deficiency in the body. Here is a list of top 4 food sources of zinc:

1. Lamb: It is rich in high quality protein and many vitamins and minerals. It also contains a high content of zinc. 

2. Cashews:Cashews are an excellent source of zinc, copper, magnesium, manganese and phosphorus. It serves as a filling mid-meal snack in combination with other nuts and dry fruits

(Also read: 7 Incredible Cashew Nut Benefits)

3. Mushrooms: They are low in calories, fat and cholesterol and provide various important nutrients like zinc, potassium, niacin and many more.

4. Spinach: Spinach is a rich source of zinc and is loaded with other nutrients and antioxidants. 

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The best way to avoid nutritional deficiencies is to have well-balanced meals that consist of all major food groups –carbs, proteins, oils and fats, dairy and fibre from fruits and veggies along with other important vitamins and minerals. 


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