According to Bangalore-based Nutritionist Dr. Anju Sood, "Cow milk and buffalo milk don't have major differences, except for their composition, which is the carbohydrate, protein and fat content of milk. Cow milk is considered to be lighter as it has lesser fat content as compared to buffalo milk. This is the reason why infants are given cow milk. It is easily digestible and light on the stomach."(Also read: Should You Boil Milk Before Drinking it?)
- Cow milk consists of a lower fat content than buffalo milk; hence it is lighter and easily digestible.
- Buffalo milk is creamier and thicker than cow milk. Therefore, it is used to make heavy foods like curd,paneer, kheer, kulfiand ghee. While cow milk is used to make chennafor desserts like rasgulla, sandesh and rasmalai.
- Buffalo milk can preserved naturally for a longer period due to a high peroxidase activity (enzyme). While cow milk should ideally be consumed within 1-2 days.
- Buffalo milk has more protein content in comparison to cow milk, which is why it takes longer to digest.
- Buffalo milk has more calories than cow milk because of a higher protein and fat content.
- Cow milk tends to have a higher water content as compared to buffalo milk. This is because it contains fewer solids with around 90 percent of the milk being composed of water.
- "Buffalo milk contains more calcium and other minerals like phosphorus, magnesium and potassium as compared to cow milk which is rich in vitamins," suggests Dr. Sood.
Although both may be different from each other, one cannot deny the fact that both are healthy and safe to drink. It depends on person's digestibility and tolerance towards a certain type of milk. So, choose the type you think suits your body best.